Best Ways to Prevent & Avoid Pregnancy, Gynecologist enlightens:
By Refadoc, Posted on : Friday, 19 June 2015 - 5:06 am IST
These days there are so many preventing birth control measures available in the market to choose from, that people are getting confused on their preference for birth control. However, the birth control which you use is your personal choice and therefore, it is quite important to educate yourself on the various methods in order to find the one which suits you best. Here are some of the best and most trustworthy ways to prevent a pregnancy, as suggested by gynecologist:
1) Barrier Methods:
Condoms (both male and female ones) have emerged to be one of the most recommended by gynecologists
and best used and popular methods of birth control all over the world. Latex condoms are used to prevent pregnancy as they avoid the contact of the semen with the fertile eggs. In most of the health clinics, condoms are provided free of cost and they are also available over the counter for use. One of the added benefits of condoms is that it also protects you from sexually transmitted diseases along with pregnancy.
Female Condoms are also made up of Latex and are shaped like a ring or a pouch. They can fit comfortably inside the Vagina with the ring used to hold it in place. These collect the semen during intercourse and do not allow it to enter the body at all. They also help to protect the women from sexually transmitted diseases.
Diaphragms are also used by many women all over the world, They are shallow cups made up of Silicone and are inserted inside the Vagina in order to prevent the sperm from getting in touch with the egg. Diaphragms come in different sizes so as to fit the size of every woman. It is recommended to get in touch with your nearest expert gynecologist
before you get yourself fitted for a diaphragm.
2) Hormonal Birth Control:
Birth Control pills which are also known simply as ‘pills’ make use of synthetic estrogen and progesterone hormones in order to keep the eggs of a woman from leaving her ovaries; thus preventing pregnancy. If taken in a proper way, they are very effective. The pill needs to be taken every day, at the same time in order to make it work properly. Skipping the pills for a few days decreases its efficiency. The pill can often lead the woman to experience some side effects; depending on the woman’s reaction to them. Gynecologists have expressed concerns about the use of these pills.
Other hormonal devices such as Depo Provera or a birth control shot is also used by many women. This shot is given to the woman in her arm after every three months. It is very effective in order to prevent pregnancy, but comes with a few side effects.
The Birth Control Patch is also used by a few women. It is applied on the arm, back or the thigh. It distributes the hormones throughout the skin and needs to be replaced after every couple of weeks.
3) Intra Uterine Devices (IUD’s):
Intra Uterine Devices or IUD’s are small metal devices which are inserted into the uterus. The IUD’s work by releasing the hormones which affect the mobility of the sperm and therefore stops it from fertilizing the egg. IUD’s are very effective and can last up to 12 years without changing. A good and effective IUD costs anywhere between $500-$1000. The copper used in an IUD does not interfere with your hormones and does not cause any birth control related side effects.
4) Fertility Awareness:
This is also known as Natural Family Planning and is one of the most effective ways of birth control. This method requires having sex only on the days of the menstrual cycle when the woman is not fertile. Different methods are available for calculating the fertility of the woman such as the calendar method, the mucus method and the temperature method.
The calendar method requires tracking the different phases of the menstrual cycle on the calendar and noticing the patterns of the time when the ovulation is likely to happen.
The mucus method involves checking the mucus for changes in color and consistency, which happen when a woman is fertile.
The temperature method focuses on checking the basal temperature of the body everyday and checking for signs of ovulation.
One of the disadvantages of this method is that it takes a lot of time and attention. If you forget to track the changes over a few days, it can lead to a major miscalculation. One of the advantages of this method is that it is totally natural and does not require any outside factors.
4) Surgical Methods:
Certain surgical methods such as Sterilization and surgery are also in place for the prevention of pregnancy. In case of female sterilization, a surgery is conducted on the fallopian tubes in a process known as Tubal Ligation, which cuts down all the chances of a pregnancy. This method is very effective but is impossible to reverse and permanent. Vasectomy is done for men and it blocks their vas deferentia through which the sperm flows. This means that when the man ejaculates, his semen would not contain any sperm, which makes it quite impossible for him to get a woman pregnant.
5) Preventing Pregnancy after Sex:
The use of emergency contraceptive, which is also known as Plan B is used after sex in order to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. This plan contains consuming two pills which contain Levonorgestrel. The sooner these pills are taken, the more effective they are in preventing pregnancy. These pills are available in all the leading pharmacies, over the counter. However, they should not be used as a replacement for regular birth control pills, as they are a last resort for people to use when they’ve had unprotected sex. Learned gynecologists have warned against the misuse of such pills.
To know more about these birth control methods, connect with the most reliable gynecologists in your city now!