Fibromyalgia - Health Center


By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Fibromyalgia - Overview

Fibromyalgia is better known as a disorder which is characterized with the musculoskeletal pain all over the body also accompanied by the fatigue and mood swings. It has been proved that Fibromyalgia has been known to affect the brain processes of the person which is associated with the pain signals.

Symptoms of the disease can be onset by the physical trauma or injury. Surgery or any psychological stress too has been known to be the causative factors for the occurrence of this disease. Women are known to be at a higher risk of contracting this disease as compared to men. A lot of people who suffer from this disease are known to have suffered from TMJ disorders, headaches as well as anxiety and depression in the later stages. While there has been no visible cure for the disease, there are a lot of medications that can control the disease in its beginning stage.

Major Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

Some of the major symptoms of the disease are as follows:

  • Widespread Pain: This is the major symptom of the disease which causes a dull ache all over the body lasting for a period of three months or more. Even more, this pain occurs on both the sides of the body on the upper and lower side of the waist.
  • Increased fatigue: People who are known to suffer from Fibromyalgia are known to wake up tired even after they had a whole night’s sleep. Also, their sleep patterns are often disturbed by the pains across their body and this gives rise to the legs syndrome and the sleep apnoea.
  • Cognitive Problems: This is also known as the ‘fibro fog’ as this goes out to impair the ability of focus by the patients as they are not able to concentrate on their work or complete the mental tasks easily.
  • Apart from this, people suffering from Fibromyalgia are also known to experience bouts of depression along with pains and headaches occasionally.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

Though the real reason for the occurrence of Fibromyalgia is not known, some of the factors which are most responsible for the occurrence of disease are as follows:

  • Genetics: Genes for the disease are known to run in the families for the occurrence of this disease. Not only that, there are certain genetic mutations which are responsible for the development of the disorder across families.
  • Infections: some of the infections that a person has already suffered through are known to trigger the onset of the disease.
  • Physical or mental trauma: Post traumatic stress is another one of the major cause for the occurrence of this disease in people.

The pain caused by Fibromyalgia is caused due the change in the structure of the brain due to the repeated nervous stimulations. Due to this change, there is a sudden increase in the level of the chemical hormones of the brain that cause the memory of the person to weaken and therefore make them over reacts towards the pain signals.

Some of the major complications that occur from the disease are caused due to the lack of sleep as well as pain caused due to the disease. These can cause to interfere with the normal working of the person. Also, the frustration of not being able to perform leads to the creation of depression and anxiety in people.

Tests and Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia

Earlier, the doctors used to check the 18 major points across a patient’s body for the diagnosis of the disease. These major joints were checked to see how painful they were upon being pressed. Now however, the diagnosis of the patient can be done when a patient has been suffering from pains since the last three months, without any other apparent cause of the pain.

Blood Tests:

Due to the lack of the lab tests for the diagnosis of the disease, the doctors often opt for the blood tests for the treatment of Fibromyalgia. Blood tests often go out to include the complete count of the cells in the blood, the Erthythrocyte sedimentation rate as well as the thyroid function tests in order to determine the root cause of the disease.

Major Treatments for Fibromyalgia

The treatment for the disease includes both medication as well as self care of the patients. The major reason for the treatment is to reduce the symptoms and make sure that there is a general improvement in the health of the patient.

  • Medications: They are often used in order to relieve the patient of the pains and improve the sleeping pattern of the patients. Some of the major medications are:
  • Pain Relievers: They are often sold over the counter. Some of the most popular pain relievers are acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. However, these medications often make the patient dependent and can even worsen the pain in some of the cases.
  • Anti – Depressants: They are the ones which contain the likes of Duloxetine and Milnacipran. They can ease the pain and fatigue of the patient and then can help in the promotion of the sleep.
  • Anti – Seizure Drugs: They are generally used for the treatment of the epilepsy and can reduce the pain of the patient. Also, they can used to reduce the symptoms and can ease the pain.
  • Therapy: Talking with a counsellor too can help in the strengthening of the beliefs and abilities of the patient and therefore, help him in dealing with stressful situations.

Home Remedies for Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Some of the best known home remedies for the treatment of Fibromyalgia are as follows:

  • Reduction of the stress: This is done to limit the over exertion on the patient and therefore to allow time to the patient to relax. Also, this is done to change the routine of the person completely and therefore try stress management techniques, such as meditation.
  • Getting the sleep: Fatigue is one of the major symptoms of the disease and therefore, getting enough sleep is one of the best options to treat the disease. The patients need to allot themselves some hours for sleeping and therefore, need to inculcate good sleeping habits and patterns.
  • Regular Exercise: This is done to decrease the symptoms of the disease. Exercises such as swimming, walking, biking etc are known to help the patient relax.
  • Pacing your lifestyle: It is recommended that the patients should keep a tab on their activities. They should be following a time table and should keep a tab on the flaring of the symptoms.
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