Insomnia - Health Center

Insomnia

By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Insomnia - Overview

Insomnia is better known all over the world as a sleep disorder which has often been characterized with a person suffering from the difficulty in sleeping or falling asleep. Some of the major symptoms which people suffer from in insomnia are difficulty in falling asleep or waking up in the middle of the night and then having trouble going back to sleep. Insomniacs too are known to wake up quite early in the morning or feeling fatigued and tired when waking up in the morning.

Types Of Insomnia

There are different kinds of insomnia.Some of the majorly known insomnia is as follows:

  • Primary Insomnia: A person suffering from primary insomnia means that the person is having sleeping problems which are not associated with any other known health conditions or problems.
  • Secondary Insomnia: People suffering from secondary insomnia are the ones that have sleeping problems owing to some other already prevalent health conditions. These health conditions could be ranging from asthma, depression, arthritis, and cancer or even as mild as heartburns. Due to the medication that they are taking too or due to substance abuse such as in case of alcohol consumption, a person may be suffering from secondary insomnia.

The variation of insomnia and the time period for which it is active depends of the reason for its occurrence. In some cases, it could be short term insomnia (Acute insomnia), while in others it could be active for a larger duration of time (chronic insomnia). Sometimes, it may be present in a reoccurring state. It may come and go. Acute insomnia is known to last for duration of one night to few weeks. On the other hand, chronic insomnia is known to occur when a person who is suffering from the condition for a period of at least three nights in a week or for a month or longer.

Causes of Insomnia

Some of the major factors for the occurrence of Acute Insomnia are as follows:

  • Momentous stress in life, resulting from the loss or change of a job, passing away of someone close, divorce or relocating.
  • Long term illness
  • Emotional as well as physical discomfort
  • Environmental factors such as excessive light, noise, increase or decrease in the temperatures; that tend to interfere with the sleeping patterns.
  • Medications that may be used to treat allergies, depression or shift in the blood pressures.
  • Interference in the sleeping pattern of a person due to occasional change in the patterns.

 Major reasons for the occurrence of Chronic Insomnia are as follows:

  • Depression as well as increased anxiety
  • Chronic stress
  • Pain or discomfort while sleeping

Major Signs And Symptoms Of Insomnia

Some of the major symptoms for the occurrence of Insomnia are as follows:

  • Increased sleepiness all over the day
  • General fatigue and tiredness
  • Increased irritability
  • Problems with concentration as well as memory

Diagnosis Of Insomnia

In case a person feels that he has been suffering from Insomnia, it is recommended to see a doctor immediately. The basic diagnostic procedures that are used by doctors for the diagnosis of the condition include a medical examination, a complete overview of the medical history of the patient as well as the sleep history of the patient.

Sometimes, the procedures also include the patient to maintain a sleep diary for a week or two, which helps the doctors to keep a tab on the sleep patterns of the patient. Sometimes, the interview of the bed partner too is conducted in order to keep a tab over the sleeping patterns and activities of the patient.

Treatment / Cure For Insomnia

In case a patient is suffering from Acute Insomnia, it does not require any kind of treatment. However, this can be easily prevented by making sure that a person follows good sleeping habits. For some cases, where the insomnia makes it very hard for the person to fall asleep, sleeping pills are often prescribed in order to make sure that a person follows good sleeping habits. It has been often recommended that a person should not be using over the counter sleeping pills in case of insomnia as they tend to have some undesirable side effects and therefore tend to be less effective with the passage of time.

Treatment in case of chronic insomnia goes for a detailed study of the underlying conditions of the patient as well as the health conditions that are the causative factors for the occurrence of the condition. Not only that, in case the insomnia continues, then  techniques such as the use of relaxation exercises as well as sleep therapies are used in order to treat the condition and get the person back into normal shape as before.

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