Pelvic Pain - Health Center

Pelvic Pain

By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Overpowering Pelvic Pain

Pelvic Pain is the one which affects the lowest part of the abdomen and the pelvis. In women, Pelvic Pain can refer to the onset of the symptoms which arise from the reproductive or the urinary systems or from musculoskeletal sources. Depending upon the source of this pain, it may be dull or sharp or could be constant or intermittent. In some cases, the pain tends to radiate from the major source to the lower back, the buttocks as well as the thighs. Pelvic Pain can occur suddenly or could be chronic in nature. Chronic Pelvic Pain is the one which is constant in nature.

Causes of Pelvic Pain

There are many different kinds of diseases and conditions which are known to give rise to pelvic pain. Chronic Pelvic Pain is known to arise from more than one condition. Digestive, Urinary as well as Reproductive systems are known to give birth to pelvic pains. Recently, a study conducted by researchers has proved that chronic pelvic pain often emerged from the muscles and the connective tissues (ligaments) which are found in the pelvic floor. Irritation of the nerves in the pelvis too can give rise to pelvic pain in some people.

Causes of Pelvic Pain in women:

In women, the pelvic pain tends to rise from the female reproductive system and the conditions associated with it, such as:

  • Adenomyosis
  • Endometriosis
  • Menstrual Cramps (dysmenorrhea)
  • Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Miscarriage before the 20th week of pregnancy
  • Ovulation Pains
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

In men and women, some other reasons for the occurrence of Pelvic Pain are as follows:

  • Appendicitis
  • Colon Cancer
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Chronic Constipation
  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Kidney Stones
  • Prostatitis
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

In case a person develops a severe pain in the pelvic area, it should be considered as a medical emergency and immediate treatment should be provided as pelvic pain tends to worsen with the passage of time.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Pain

Since there are many different causes of Pelvic Pain, you should be seeing a doctor in case the pain is very severe and consistent. For the diagnosis of the condition, the doctor may ask you some questions and then opt for a physical examination. On the basis of the initial inspection, some further tests may be needed.

Urinary Infection is one of the most common causes of Pelvic Pain. The doctor may require you to go for a urine test in order to look for the chances of infection. Sometimes, a swab test is done as well. In case, the patient is unsure, then a pregnancy test too can be advised. An urgent ultrasound is conducted in order to look for the probability of a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Ovarian Cysts too, if any, can be determined with the help of an ultrasound.

Laparoscopy is used by gynecologists all over the world. The laparoscope is inserted through the belly button and it allows the doctors to look inside the pelvis. Sometimes, a laparoscope is also used in order to look inside the bowl of the affected person. The doctor can easily look through the gullet and the stomach with the help of colonoscopy.

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