Vaginal Yeast infections - Health Center
Vaginal Yeast infections
By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST
Vaginal Yeast infections - Overview
Vaginal Yeast infections can be classified as one of the major types of Vaginitis. Vaginitis is the inflammation of the vagina of an affected person which is often characterized with the irritation in the vagina along with an itchiness that is accompanied with a frequent discharge from the vagina of the affected person. The yeast infection is known to affect the vagina as well as the tissues surrounding the vulva of the affected person.
A vaginal yeast infection, which is also known commonly as Vaginal Candidiasis is very common amongst women all over the world. It has been found that nearly 3 out of every 4 women suffer from this. Though not considered as a Sexually Transmitted Disease, this condition is caused due to a fungal infection which causes the infection to spread all throughout via oral genital contact. Also, simple treatment options are available in order to check the spread of the infection.
Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infections
Fungus Candida is responsible for Yeast infection in women. Candida is a microorganism which is normally present in the vagina of the women along with some other bacteria. The vagina is known to have a normal mix of yeast as well as bacteria. Lactobacillus bacteria, which is normally, present in the vagina is known to discourage the production of yeast in the vagina.
However, due to the disruption of the production of this bacterium, the overgrowth of yeast can occur naturally. Due to an accumulation of a large amount of yeast in the vagina, a person may suffer from signs such as excessive itching, burning sensation, inflammation as well as discharge from the vagina.
Some of the major reasons for the Yeast Infection are as follows:
- Excessive antibiotic use – due to the decrease in the amount of the lactobacillus bacteria in the vagina, there is a change in the pH of the vagina, leading to the yeast infection.
- Uncontrollable Diabetes
- Impairment in the immune system
- Excessive douching and irritation leading to the inadequate lubrication of the vagina.
Candida Albicans is another fungus which is responsible for Yeast infection in women. Typical treatment options work favourable in order to treat yeast infections.
A yeast infection can be transmitted from one person to the other via sexual transmission. Oral genital sexual contact too can be one of the reasons for the transmission of the disease.
Symptoms of Yeast Infection:
The major signs and symptoms for Yeast Infection can vary from mild to moderate in some cases. Some of the major signs are as follows:
- Itching and irritation in the vagina and at the entrance of the vulva
- A deep burning sensation during sexual intercourse and urination
- Inflammation and swelling of the vulva
- Pain and soreness of the vagina
- Thick, white discharge from the vagina
It is recommended to see a doctor immediately if you experience any of these yeast infection symptoms. Also, even if you are not sure whether you are dealing from the yeast infection, make sure that you consult a doctor. If the symptoms do not go away after sometime or you develop some other symptoms, seeking medical attention is the best way out.
Tests and Diagnosis of Vaginal Yeast Infection
In order to diagnose the yeast infection the doctor may do the following:
- Checking the medical History: In this, the doctor may gather knowledge about the medical history of the patient which may include questions about the past vaginal infections and other Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
- Pelvic Examination: The external genitalia is looked for the signs of any kind of infection in this kind of exam. The speculum is inserted into the vagina in order to open the walls and then the examination of the same is done. The cervix and vagina are looked for the symptoms and sometimes, a sample of the discharge too is collected in order to culture the same in the laboratory.
- Vaginal Secretion Testing: Normally, lab tests are not conducted for simple yeast infections. However, in order to come out with an effective diagnosis, the doctors may send a sample of the secretion into the laboratory in order to test it for the yeast infections.
Treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infections
Treatment for the yeast infections is greatly dependent on the kind of infection that you are suffering from: complicated or an uncomplicated infection.
Uncomplicated Yeast Infection:
This kind of infection shows mild as well as moderate symptoms, therefore, the course of treatment can be wound up very easily. Some of those are as follows:
- Vaginal Therapy: in this, an antifungal cream, ointment or a tablet is prescribed to the afflicted person for the treatment of yeast infection. The medications may include butoconazole, clotrimazole or even miconazole. These oil based medications may produce a little burning sensation but are highly effective.
- Oral Medications: This includes one single time oral medication which is prescribed to the patient.
Complicated Yeast Infection:
For complicated yeast infections, the following treatments are recommended:
- Long Course Therapy: Azole medication is prescribed to the patients. This is often given in the form of a vaginal cream or an ointment. The duration for this treatment can vary from one week to two weeks.
- Oral Medication: Sometimes, two or three doses of fluconazole are prescribed to the patient orally for the treatment of yeast infection. This is not recommended for pregnant women.
Usually, the partner of the afflicted person is also treated for yeast infections. Sometimes, the doctors recommended treating the partner as well, in case he is also suffering from some of the symptoms of the disease. In male partners, jock itch can be one of the major signs that they too are suffering from Yeast infections.