Acne - Health Center
By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:58 am IST
Acne is a very common problem and a special concern for the teenage group, they come, they go, but leavea troublesome scar. However, let us go in-depth today and let’s get to know more about acnes; what they are, what are the reasons behind the widespread occurrence of acnes in teenagers all over the world, their symptoms and their types.
Acne basically is a situation in which the skin develops an inflammation and the particular point becomes inflamed and bumpy. The acne can be of many kinds such as blackheads, pimples, cysts or whiteheads. In teenagers, the major reason for the outbreak of an acne is the hormonal change which occurs due to teenagers hitting puberty. Acne occurs because the skin plug; consisting of the skin cells, the sebum as well as the hair gets clumped up together and thus causes the swelling, which we know as acne.
The skin consists of hair follicles or the pores that contain the sebaceous glands which are responsible for the production of the oil. With the production of sebum (oil) by these glands, the pores of the skin get clogged with the dead skin cells. This results in theentrapment of the bacteria found in the air into the plugs and their multiplication within these pores. This multiplication of bacteria results in the swelling as well as the redness of the affected skin and thus begins the outbreak of acne.
Causes of Acne
The major cause for the excessive secretion of the sebum is the rise in the level of androgen in teenagers. This hormone is secreted in teenagers upon hitting the puberty and causes the glands to produce a larger amount of sebum.
However, some studies have also suggested that the outbreak of pimples may also be genetic.
Also, the use of greasy cosmetics is another reason for the occurrence of acne in some people. Another reason could be the hormonal imbalance in pregnant women.
The reasons for the occurrence of acne are immense and vary from person to person across various age groups. However, acnes are not something to be feared as they are temporary and can be treated with various natural measures.
Symptoms of Acne
Acne usually appears over the face, neck, back, bosom or the shoulders. These are the areas of the human body which have the maximum number of sebaceous (oil) glands and therefore, the chances for the occurrence of acne are maximum over these regions. The following are the symptoms of acne. In case you find any of the following symptoms over your body, measures should be taken for their eradication immediately and medical help should be sought in case of an extensive case of acne:
Whiteheads and Blackheads- Also known as comedones, these are caused due to the blocking of the pores of the hair follicles due to the excessive secretion of sebum. The clogging of these pores with bacteria and dead skin cells results in their appearance as black (in case of open pores) and white (in case of closed pores). They are slightly raised above the surface of the skin and are bumpy when felt.
PAPULES and Pustules are another symptom of acne. They are the raised inflamed bumps which are red in colour and tender to touch. Sometimes, they do have the pus at their tips due to the defence mechanism of the body against them.
Nodules are another category of symptoms that you should be wary of. They are hard and painful lumps which are formed under the skin. Usually deeply seated, they are painful to touch and are built due to the secretions near the hair follicles.
Cysts are the majorly painful and pus filled lumps that are formed under the surface of skin. They are the ones which are the major reason for the occurrence of scars after the acnes have healed.
In case you are encountering any one of the above mentioned symptoms, and then it is time to take some radical measures against the same. It is recommended to visit the doctor in order to DEAL with the persistent pimples and therefore curb the outbreak of acne.
Types of Acne
Different types of acne require different kind of treatment, therefore knowing your type is very important in order to seek for an effective measure for the treatment of the acne.
Dermatologists all over the world generally categorize the acne into four different types. With the simple inspection of the affected region, it can be determined as to what kind of acne a person is suffering from. The following are the types of acne, which are the most prevalent all over the world:
1. Blackheads and Whiteheads:
These start with the blocking of the skin pores due to the excessive secretion of the sebum. In case of acne in which the pore remains open, it appears to be black, and is therefore called a blackhead. On the contrary, if the pore closes up, then it is known as a whitehead. Both of them are very easy to treat as salicylic acid comes to the rescue in the case of those acnes.
When the walls of the pores get inflamed and therefore break open, it leads to the creation of the pustules. They are harder to touch and therefore, can make your skin feel bumpy. Pustules have a further sub category known as PAPULES. The latter is yellowish, filled with pus and feels like a blister upon touching. They are harder to treat and need the supervision of a Dermatologist.
3. Nodules and Cysts:
This is an extreme case as when the blocked pores become more irritated and get even bigger, and then it gives rise to the cyst. These are formed even deeper in the skin and thus are harder than the above mentioned two. Cysts contain pus and are soft to touch. The recommendation and supervision of a dermatologist are highly recommended in their case as they may leave scars on the skin even after healing.
Acnes are not a dangerous, but it is recommended to seek the attention of a dermatologist in order to completely cure them and leave no chance for the scars.