Ebola Virus - Health Center

Ebola Virus

By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Ebola Virus – Overview

Due to its destructive potential, Ebola Virus has come out to make some news all over the world these days. With its reported spread all over the world and the immense challenge undertaken by WHO for its eradication, Ebola has instilled a fear in the minds of people all over the world.

What is Ebola?

Ebola fever has emerged out to be a lethal illness which is known to occur in humans as well as primates, such as apes, monkeys and gorillas. This is a rare but a deadly virus which has surfaced all over the world leading to bleeding on the inside as well as outside of the body. This virus spreads all over the body, affecting the immune system and the organs of the body. Once the incubation period of this disease is over, it leads to the drop in the level of the blood clotting cells, which further leads to uncontrollable bleeding. Also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic fever this disease has been known to kill 90% people who are affected by it.

Signs and Symptoms of Ebola

During the incubation period of the disease, which lasts for a period of one to two weeks, the symptoms are as follows:

  •    Backache
  •    Chills and fever
  •    Fatigue and headache
  •    Diarrhoea
  •    Arthritis
  •    Vomiting

After the incubation period, when the disease has taken hold of the person, the signs and symptoms may be as follows:

  •   Bleeding from the eyes, ears and nose
  •   Gastrointestinal Bleeding( From the mouth and rectum)
  •   Swelling in the eyes and genitals
  •   Rashes all over the body with blood

Tests and Diagnosis of Ebola

It can be very hard to diagnose a person with Ebola only on the basis of the symptoms.

Some of the tests which can definitely prove Ebola infection are as follows:

  •    CBC
  •    Electrolytes
  •    Coagulation Tests
  •    Liver function tests
  •    Tests with Virus specific antibodies

In case a person is diagnosed with Ebola, he is immediately isolated from the public in order to avoid the infection and spread of the disease.

Treatment of Ebola Virus Fever

As of now, there is no known cure for Ebola. Medicines which fight against the virus (Antiviral) are not known to work effectively against the Ebola Virus. In most of the cases, a person suffering from Ebola is taken under the Intensive care by the hospital authorities. Also, since patients often suffer shocks when suffering from the disease, they are provided with the medications and fluids via intravenous medications.

Also, since there are possible bleeding problems, a blood transfusion or platelet transfusion is often provided.

Prevention from Ebola Virus

If you are living in areas that are prone to Ebola outbreaks, make sure that you wear gloves and masks when you are around sick patients. Following these measures are going to decrease your chances of contracting the virus.

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