Female Infertility - Health Center

Female Infertility

By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Causes of Infertility in Women

Female infertility is the reason behind one third of the total infertility cases all over the world. Infertility in women could be caused due to the conditions which could be affecting the reproductive organs such as ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus.

Infertility is known to affect around 10% women all over the world. Studies are known to find that there are many factors which contribute towards female infertility. Understanding these factors is the first step towards the treatment of the same.

Ovulation Problems:

Problems with the ovulation are one of the major reasons for female infertility. When the egg has not been released, the chances of pregnancy are totally nullified. The lack of ovulation can lead to:

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: This is caused due to the imbalance of the hormones due to the disruption of a standard ovulation process.
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: This condition tends to affect the women under the age of 40 due to the insufficient functioning of the ovaries.

Blocking of the Fallopian Tubes:

The blockage in the fallopian tubes often leads to the prevention of the released egg to fertilize with the sperm. This often leads to the disruption of the progression of the egg towards the uterus. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, endometriosis or a surgery for ectopic pregnancy could be some of the major reasons for the occurrence of blocked fallopian tubes.

Uterine Conditions:

Problems with the uterus or with the unwanted growth inside the uterus such as uterine fibroids of polyps could be some of the major reasons for infertility in women. Fibroids and other physical abnormalities are known to make it very difficult for the uterus to conceive or carry the baby. It also tends to make the implantation very difficult.

Diagnosis of the Problem

Some of the most common tests which are in place for the diagnosis of infertility are as follows:

  • Tracking of Ovulation: It is very crucial to track the ovulation in order to determine the major cause of infertility. The doctor often tends to maintain a track of the menstrual cycle of the person and chart it along with the body temperature, blood tests or even check the follicle growth with the help of an ultrasound.
  • Hysterosalpingogram: This procedure includes the insertion of a fluid into the cervix of the woman and then tracking the flow of the fluid with the help of an X ray in order to check the woman for a blocked fallopian tube or any other uterine abnormality.
  • Laparoscopy: A laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen in order to help the doctor visualize any problems within the fallopian tubes or the uterus.
  • Hormone Testing: In this blood tests are done in order to check the person for the presence of abnormal amounts of hormones.
  • Ovarian Reserve Test: This blood test is done in order to help the doctor check as to how many eggs a person is releasing or how healthy they are!

Treatment for Infertility

The various treatment options available for the treatment of Infertility are as follows:

o   Medications such as fertility drugs

o   Surgery, which includes the removal of fibroids

o   Artificial Insemination (AI)

o   IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

Women who are having problems conceiving should also abstain from smoking and drinking. It is also recommended to keep a tab on your stress levels and maintain a healthy diet along with a healthy weight in order to boost up your chances.

Add Comment
Add Comment

Login to Add Comment

Comment as Guest