Hair Loss ( Alopecia ) Center - Health Center
Hair Loss ( Alopecia ) Center
By Refadoc, Posted on : Monday, 21 September 2015 - 7:32 am IST
Hair Loss ( Alopecia ) Center - Overview
Hair Loss or Alopecia has emerged out to be one of the major conditions effecting men and women all over the world. Alopecia is known to affect either only the scalp or the entire body. The major reason for hair loss can either be heredity conditions, the effect of certain medications or can even be any underlying medical condition for that matter. Men, women and even children all over the world are suffering with hair loss problems, for which they consult
Hair Specialist Doctors, also known as Dermatologists.
Baldness is another kind of hair loss condition in which there is an excessive hair loss from the scalp of the affected person. Many people let the course of the hair loss left untreated and unhidden; others go in for covering up the same with the help of makeup, wigs, hats and even scarves. However, many people also go in for surgical procedures as well as medications which are used in order to treat their hair loss conditions.
Causes of Hair Loss
On an average, a person loses about 50-100 hair every day. However, since our scalp has on an average around 100,000 hairs, this is barely noticeable. With the passing of the time, the hair tend to become very thin and very prone to shedding. Some other causes for hair loss can be changes in the hormone levels of the person as well as the medications of the person.
One of the major reasons for hair loss is a heredity condition known as the male pattern baldness. In females, it is known as female pattern baldness. Some of the sex hormones too are known to trigger a permanent pattern of hair loss in people. Most commonly in men, this kind of hair thinning starts at the puberty. Hormonal changes as well as imbalances are known to cause temporary hair loss in men. During the course of the pregnancy, childbirth as well as the onset of menopause too, hair loss patterns are observed.
A lot of medical conditions too are the leading causes of hair loss and may require immediate attention by the
Hair Specialist doctors. Some of these are follows:
- Thyroid Problems: Thyroid glands are used in order to maintain the hormone level in the body. However, if the gland is not working properly, hair loss can occur.
- Alopecia Areata: This kind of hair loss occurs when the immune system of the body attacks the hair follicles and therefore leads to the creation of smooth, round patches of hair loss.
- Scalp Infections: These infections are basically caused due to ringworms and these infections affect the hair and skin of the scalp, which lead to the hair loss. Once all these infections can be treated, the hair tends to generally grow back.
- Skin Disorders: Some of the diseases which may cause scarring such as lichen planus and some other kind of lupus can also lead to the loss of hair where the scarring has taken place.
Medications and other factors:
- Cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, high blood pressure are some of the other factors which affect hair loss.
- Physical and emotional shocks: a lot of people experience the thinning of the hair after the receiving a physical as well as the emotional shocks. Some of the other causative factors may be weight loss, high fever as well as loss of a loved one.
- Hair Pulling disorder: this is a mental disorder in which a person has an irresistible urge to pull out their hair from the scalp, eyebrows as well as other areas of the body. This often tends to leave some patchy bald spots all over the area from where the hair has been pulled out.
- Hairstyles: Hair loss can also occur if the hair has been pulled out too tightly into hairstyles such as pigtails.
Signs and Symptoms of Hair Loss
Hair Loss can appear in different ways. Depending on the reason for the occurrence of hair fall, the symptoms too can be different.Some kinds of hair loss can be temporary, the other tend to be permanent.
Some of the major signs of hair loss are as follows:
- Thinning on the top: This is the most common kind of hair loss which affects men mostly. In this, the hair tend to recede from the forehead into a line which starts to resemble the alphabet M. Women typically tend to retain a thin line of hair at the forehead with a broadening.
- Circular and patchy bald spots: in some people smooth baldy spots are experienced which vary around 2.6 cms across in length. The hair loss tends to affect the scalp area. However, in some cases the beards as well as the eyebrows of the person are affected as well. The skin tends to be itchy as well as painful before the hair start to fall out.
- Loosening of the hair: the physical as well as the emotional shock that occurs to a person can be one of the major factors for causing the loosening of the hair shafts. During combing or washing of the hair, handful of hair may be lost. Even on gentle tugging, the hair can come off as well. This kind of hair loss leads to thinning of the hair followed by bald patches.
- Full body hair loss: Due to some medical conditions, such as chemotherapy for cancer, the hair fall can occur all over the body. The hairs tend to grow back after the treatment has ended.
In case you notice the patchiness as well as falling out of the hair, it is recommended to see the doctor about it. Hair loss can often be the symptom for some other underlying medical condition and therefore needs to be treated in advance.
Tests and Diagnosis of Hair Loss
Hair Specialists check the complete medical history of the patient in order to diagnose the underlying cause for hair loss.
Some of the major diagnostic techniques are as follows:
- Lab Tests: sometimes the blood tests are conducted in case to check for the underlying condition causing hair loss. These conditions could be varying from thyroid disease, diabetes as well as lupus.
- Biopsies: during this, several dozen of hair samples are pulled from the person and scraping samples of the scalp are taken as well in order to ascertain the reason for the occurrence of hair fall. In case the diagnoses are tough to ascertain, punch biopsy is conducted. During this, a circular tool is used in order to remove a little sample of the skin and its deeper layers and they are used to detect the reason for the occurrence of hair loss.
Treatments and Drugs for Hair Loss
In some of the cases, the hair tends to grow back on their own. However, in some of the cases, treatments are necessary. Some of these are as follows:
Medication: often, some drugs are prescribed in order to reduce the inflammation as well as to suppress the immune system. Medications such as Minoxidil and Propecia are used excessively all over the world for the treatment of hair loss. It usually takes around 12 weeks for the hair to grow back after taking the medications. Rare side effects of the medications include diminishing of the sex drive as well as sexual function. Prostate cancer too is another one of the side effects of these medications. Women who are pregnant should also avoid taking these medications.
Surgery: Hair transplants as well as scalp reduction are some of the best surgical options to replace the hair loss. In these, the tiny plugs of the skin are planted on the side and back of the scalp. Several transplants sessions are needed for the treatment of the baldness. The hair bearing skin of the area is bald skin is known as flap. Though these procedures can be very expensive these are lifelong treatment options.
Wigs and Hairpieces:
In case a person does not respond to the treatment options for baldness, then wearing a wig or hairpiece is the best option which is available. They can cover the temporary as well as permanent hair loss options. Natural looking wigs are available in the market. You can view all the
area wise Hair Specialists in Pune.