Low Testosterone - Health Center

Low Testosterone

By Refadoc, Posted on : Monday, 28 September 2015 - 10:12 am IST

Low Testosterone: Basic Overview

Since ancient times, testosterone and male masculinity have stood synonyms to each other. Testosterone has been linked to sex drive in men and is known to play a major role in the production of the sperms. The testicles are the main organs which are associated with the production of testosterone. It may be surprising, but women’s ovaries too produce testosterone, though in very small amounts


Testosterone is known to affect the bone as well as the muscle mass of the body. Also, the amounts of testosterone have been associated with the mood of the person. Whenever, there is a drop in the levels of testosterone, it leads to moodiness, gain of weight, loss of muscle mass and decreased libido in men. Simple blood tests can check the testosterone level amongst men.

After the age of 30, the level of Testosterone in the blood begins to fall gradually. This can lead to the decrease in the sex drive and erectile problems. However, the levels of testosterone can also fall due to certain underlying problems such as diabetes, depression, high blood pressure as well as coronary heart disease. 

Low Testosterone: Causes

The production of the testosterone by the testicles tapers with the passage of time. However, some other reasons too can contribute towards the lower levels of testosterone. Injury to the testicles, chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancers too can affect the production of testosterone in the body. Medical Practitioners have found that diseases such as AIDS, kidney diseases, alcoholism as well as liver cirrhosis can decrease the levels of testosterone in the blood stream. Increased stress too is known to decrease the level of the hormone in the body. Around 4-5 million men around the world are affected by low levels of testosterone. 

Low Testosterone: Signs and Symptoms

The following are the major signs and symptoms which can point towards lower levels of Testosterone in men:

  1. Lowering of the sex drive: Lower the levels of Testosterone, lower will be sex drive of the person. During sex, due to lower testosterone, the men will find it very hard to achieve an orgasm.
  2. Erectile Dysfunction: Testosterone plays a major role in initiating the sex drive of a person. However, due to low levels of the hormone, men often find it very hard to attain an erection. Different problems such as erectile dysfunction, arthrosclerosis and obesity are some of the major outcomes of lower testosterone levels.
  3. Low Semen Volume: Testosterone is the hormone which aids the formation of the semen well as adds to the motility of the sperm. However, lower amounts of testosterone, decreases the amount of semen volume during ejaculation.
  4. Hair Loss: Testosterone plays a major role in hair production. Balding is one of the major outcomes of lower testosterone level in the body.
  5. Increased fatigue: Men having lower levels of Testosterone often feel tired and fatigued. They feel tired despite having a normal sleep and find it very hard to exercise or to indulge in physical activity.
  6. Obesity: Lower levels of Testosterone also lead to obesity in men. There is a substantial increase in the body fat percentage.
  7. Mood Changes: Just like women, men also go through different mood swings when dealing with a low testosterone problem. Testosterone has rightly been called as the fuel for men. It is known to boost the mood as well as mental capacity of men. However, lower levels of Testosterone are known to fuel depression, irritability as well as lack of focus amongst men. 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Testosterone:

The normal range of Testosterone for men in between 300-1000 ng/dL. The testing for lower levels of testosterone can be done with the help of the usual blood tests. In some cases, where the levels of Testosterone are higher, it could point towards adrenal gland disorders or cancer of the Testes. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia is quite rare but can be related to higher levels of Testosterone in the blood.

On the other hand, lower levels of testosterone can be a sign of pituitary gland disorders. The Pituitary gland sends a signal to the testes to produce more testosterone in case the levels are abnormally low. 

Treatment of Low Testosterone:

There are many treatment options available for Lower levels of Testosterone. In case of a young man battling lower levels of Testosterone, injections are the best option for boosting the hormone level. The injections when given within a suitable time period can stimulate the production of the sperms as well as the motility of the sperms,

Apart from injections, a daily gel or patch too can be given to the patients battling lower levels of the hormones. These gels are applied at the regular intervals and keeps the signs and symptoms at bay.

Implantable Testosterone Pellets are a new form of treatment which is prescribed for certain patients. In this, several pellets are placed underneath the skin of the buttocks for a period of three to four months in order to boost the production of the hormone.

There are certain risks which are associated with the treatment options. The treatment therapy can boost the RBC count of the patients and can enlarge the breasts. It can also speed up the growth of the prostate gland. Patients suffering from Prostate cancer should not go in for the treatment option. A detailed checkup from a sexologist is recommended.

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