Osteoporosis - Health Center
By Refadoc, Posted on : Monday, 21 September 2015 - 9:04 am IST
Osteoporosis - Know from the Orthopedic Doctors of Pune
Osteoporosis is a disease which is known to affect old people abundantly. It causes the bones of the body to become weak and brittle and so fragile that even a small stress over the bones can lead to the breaking of the bones and fractures.
, Osteoporosis is known to commonly affect the bones of the hip, wrists as well as spine.
Contrary to our believes, bones are the living tissues which are very easily absorbed as well as replaced by the body as the part of its own mechanism. The reason for the occurrence of Osteoporosis is when the creation of the new bones does not keep up with the removal or breaking of the old bones in the body.
Men and women are affected by this disease in an equal manner. However,
have experienced that women past menopause are more susceptible to be affected by this disease. With the proper intake of medicines, a healthy diet as well as exercise regimen, osteoporosis can be easily treated.
Causes of Osteoporosis
The bones in the body of a person are indulged in a system of growing and recreating themselves on their own. When an old bone breaks down, a new one takes it’s place automatically. When a person is young, then the bones build up faster as compared to breaking down. By the age of 20, the bones are completely developed in a person. However, as a person ages, the bone mass is lost considerably faster.
The degree of osteoporosis suffered by a person is dependent on the bone mass which has been attained by the person during their youth. The higher the bone mass of the person, the less will be the probability of the person to develop Osteoporosis.
Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis
There are no early signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis.
However, once the disease has spread in, the following signs and symptoms start to appear in people:
- Back pain due to the fracturing or collapsing of a vertebra
- Loss in the weight
- Stooping of the posture
- Fracturing in the bones occurring frequently.
It is recommended to see a doctor regarding this condition. Once the menopause stage has onset in women, it is advised to consult the doctor regarding the condition.
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis
One of the major diagnoses of Osteoporosis is done with the help of a machine which uses the X rays in order to scan the bones for their density. Also, this is used in order to determine the proportion of mineral content which is being retained by the bones.
The patients are required to lie down on the table and the scanner scans the entire body of the patient. In most of the cases, some of the major bones of the body which are more vulnerable, such as that of the hip, wrists and the spine are only checked for the fractures.
Treatment of Osteoporosis in Pune
Bisphosphonates are the best options in order to treat Osteoporosis in both men and women. Some examples of the major bisphosphonates are Alendronate, Risedronate, Ibandronate and Zoledronic Acid.
have found that The side effects of these drugs may include symptoms such as an induced nausea, pain in the abdomen, and difficulty during the swallowing of the food as well as the inflammation of the oesophagus.
Hormone Related Therapy is another option which can be used for women who suffer from this malady after the onset of menopause. This can help the women to maintain the density of their bones and therefore, Raloxifene is injected in the body so that it can replicate the effects of estrogens in women. This therapy is also known to decrease the chances of the occurrence of breast cancer as well. One of the common side effects is the occurrence of hot flashes, which tends to subside after some time eventually.
Dunosumab consumption is also known to create a better bone density in people suffering from Osteoporosis. This goes out to target the remodelling process of the bone and therefore, a shot of this is given to the patient under the skin after a period of every six months. One of the most common side effects of this is the muscle as well as the back pain.
Teriparatide is another powerful drug which is subscribed to the person in order to stimulate the growth of the bone. This is again given as an injection under the skin and after every two years of treatment, another drug is given in order to maintain the growth of the bone.
Osteoporosis affects thousands of people all over the world, however, experienced Orthopedic Doctors in Pune have observed that by following the right diet, followed by medication and ample exercise, it is very easy to fight off the disease and to emerge out stronger than before!