Sleep Disorders - Health Center
By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST
Sleep Disorders - Overview
Often due to some lifestyle decisions or due to every stress incurred by a person, there is a change in the sleeping pattern or habits. This considerable change from the everyday sleeping pattern is known as sleep disorders. These disorders, though very common show some major signs and symptoms such as excessive sleepiness during daytime, difficulty sleeping at night-time or insomnia and abnormal sleeping patterns.
Sleep Disorders are known to influence the general health, safety as well as quality of life.
However, with the help of a correct and timely diagnosis, followed by the rectifying treatments, doctors can easily treat the sleep disorders.
Causes of Sleep Disorders
There are many reasons which could be behind sleep disorders. Some of the most common ones are as follows:
- Bedwetting in Kids: in kids, bedwetting could be one of the major reasons behind sleep disorders. Children who are going through the phase of potty training suffer from a disorder known as nocturnal enuresis. Children within the age group of 6 to 7 are known to suffer from it.
- Insomnia: Insomnia is an inability of the person to fall asleep. This could be lasting from a few months to a couple of years. The causative factors behind insomnia are jet lag, increased stress or anxiety as well as hormonal imbalance.
- Restless Leg Syndrome: This consists of an urge to move one’s legs, accompanied with a tingling sensation.
Some of the other reasons behind Sleep Disorders could be allergies or cold, fibromyalgia, frequent urination as well as sleep apnea.
Due to allergies or colds, the infection can make it very difficult for a person to breathe at night. Frequent urination, known as nocturia too can cause a person to wake up in the middle of the night, thus disrupting the sleep pattern.
People suffering from Fibromyalgia can find it very hard to fall asleep without any interruption.
Tests and Diagnosis of Sleep Disorders
Often, the doctors tend to wait for a couple of days in order to see if the symptoms clear out on their own. However, if they don’t, then the following tests are done in order to determine the real cause behind the disorder.
These tests include:
- Polysomnography: This is a sleep study which is conducted over the subject in order to note down the sleeping patterns.
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Genetic Blood Testing: This is done in order to check the patient for a rare disease known as narcolepsy, in which the person suffers from erratic bouts of falling asleep.
Treatments and Drugs for Sleep Disorders
The following treatment options are best suited in order to treat the disorders in patients:
- In kids, addressing the underlying issues such as bedwetting and potty training
- The use of sleeping pills
- Allergy or cold medication
- Use of a breathing devise in case a person suffers from sleep apnea
- Using a dental guard for teeth grinding
- Planning a regular sleeping pattern
- Decreasing the underlying stress and anxiety
- Decreasing the intake of caffeine
- Decreasing the intake of alcohol