Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy

By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST

Thyroid Problems and Pregnancy: The Inter relation

There are many different reasons behind infertility in women. Sometimes, it can be really hard to put a finger on the issue which is causing infertility in women. However, it is very rarely known that thyroid problems could be one of the major reasons behind infertility in women. Left undiagnosed and untreated, it can lead to fertility problems.

Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid functioning can lead to the irregulations in the hormone level production which further leads to irregular menstrual cycles. Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism are both known to avert ovulation. The aversion of ovulation does not allow the egg to be released from the ovaries and prevents pregnancy. Hypothyroidism is also known to cause the formation of cysts in the ovaries which leads to an increase in the production of prolactin. Prolactin is a hormone which is responsible for the production of milk or lactation in women. When the levels of prolactin in the blood are high, it leads to the aversion of ovulation.

Hypothyroidism is also known to increase the risk of miscarriage in women. It has been identified that women who have hypothyroidism are known to be four times more likely to have a miscarriage as compared to other women. In case hypothyroidism is left untreated, it can lead to the risk of the babies being born with developmental problems as well as lower levels of IQ.

Women who have been diagnosed with a working thyroid problem can take estrogens or birth control pills which are rich in estrogens in order to know how much thyroid hormone is needed by their body.  Birth control pills are known to affect the thyroid problem positively as they tend to affect the liver which produces thyroid binding proteins circulating in the blood. When estrogens rich birth control pills are taken, then the liver produces more of these proteins, which can attach to the thyroid hormones circulating in the bloodstream.

The best thing which can be done in order to maintain a healthy and fertile lifestyle as well as to reduce the risk of complications is to get the thyroid condition under control as soon as possible. Once hyper or hypothyroidism has been cleared, the chances of infertility tend to dip down to bare minimum.

Though there are many culprits behind infertility, thyroid problem could be one of the major reasons. If you are currently suffering from a thyroid problem, it is best to seek the help of your doctor before trying to get pregnant. However, if you are healthy and are unable to conceive otherwise, then the doctor might like to run some tests in order to screen for the reasons behind the same. 

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