Ulcers - Health Center
By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST
The stats and recent studies conducted by universities all over the world conclude that the basic reason for the occurrence of ulcers in the small intestine and the stomach could be the impending stress of a modern lifestyle, coupled with the fast food diet which we consume on an everyday basis.
Ulcers occur commonly all over the world. It has been known that one out of every ten people suffer from peptic ulcers found in the stomach and the small intestine region of the human body.
Causes of Ulcers
Basically, the peptic ulcers are the holes and the breaks which are formed in the protective lining of the duodenum (the uppermost part of the small intestine) or in the other part of the stomach. Since these are the areas of the human body which are in a constant contact with the stomach acids as well as the enzymes, the occurrence of ulcers in these areas are the maximum. Duodenal ulcers are commonly found all over the world. Some of the other ulcers of the alimentary canal such as that of the oesophagus are relatively unknown and rare and are caused due to the incessant consumption of alcohol by the affected person.
Until the mid 1980’s, the basic reason for the occurrence of ulcers was underlined to the stress that a person deals with, in his everyday life. Research and scientific studies have concluded that there is a genetic predisposition towards the occurrence of ulcers due to the excessive secretion of the Hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Also, the combination of a poor lifestyle along with the same, which includes the consumption of rich and fatty food along with alcohol and caffeine, is known to influence the factors that result in the occurrence of ulcers. It has been proved that due to the additional build up of the stomach acids, the internal lining of the intestines, duodenum as well as the oesophagus becomes corroded and this results in the occurrence of Peptic Ulcers in most of the cases.
With the excessive production of Hydrochloric Acid in the stomach, the chances for the development of ulcers are increased manifold. A recent scientific theory has proved that one of the other major reasons for the occurrence of peptic ulcers is the bacterial infection which takes place in the stomach of the infected person. One of the major bacterium, by the name of Helicobacter Pylori has been found to be present in the patients suffering from peptic ulcers. H. Pylon is known to be present in more than 90% of the duodenal ulcers and about 80% of the cases of stomach ulcers.
Some of the other factors that influences the formation of ulcer are the over use of over the counter painkillers; which primarily include aspirin, ibuprofen as well as naproxen. On top of that, excessive use of alcohol and smoking tend to increase the chances of a person to develop the condition of ulcers. Research studies conducted recently have shown that people who smoke excessively are known to develop a larger chance of developing duodenal ulcers as compared to their non smoking counterparts. On the other hand, people who drink excessively are at a greater risk of developing oesophageal ulcers. Also, people who consume a greater amount of aspirin too are more susceptible towards developing ulcers.
Stomach ulcers are more likely to develop in older people as compared to the younger ones. The simple reason for this could be that older people are susceptible towards arthritis; and with this condition their intake of aspirin and ibuprofen also increases, this leads to the increase in the chances of developing ulcers. Another one of the contributing factors that can increase the chances of ulcer development could be that with the advancement of the age, the pylorus becomes relaxed and this leads to the production of excessive bile; which seeps into the stomach and leads to the corroding of the villi present on the walls of the stomach.
Research has also proven that people with A blood group are more susceptible towards developing ulcers. Also, people with O blood group are more susceptible towards developing duodenal ulcers; the reason for this being that they are not able to produce the substance which lines the surface of the blood cells, hence protecting the lining of the duodenum.
Treatment Of Peptic Ulcers
It is a happy piece of news that peptic ulcers are relatively easy to cure. There have been many cases in which they can be cured with the help of antibiotics, antacids or some other drugs which are known to reduce the amount of the acid that is being produced by the stomach. Also, apart from this, there are many different types of self help as well as alternative treatments which are known to reduce the pain caused by the ulcers.
The dangers that are known to come up with ulcers may include diseases such as anaemia, excessive bleeding and in some of the rare cases, stomach cancer.
These tend to be quite serious and therefore, it is recommended that ulcers should always be treated and monitored by your doctor.