Vitamin B3 (Niacin) - Health Center
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
By Refadoc, Posted on : Tuesday, 15 September 2015 - 10:46 am IST
Vitamin B3- Niacin : Overview
Vitamin B3 which is commonly known as Niacin is required by the body for the maintenance of one’s general health. It is known to improve cholesterol levels of the person and decrease the chances of cardiovascular risks in people.
Niacin is known to boost the levels of HDL Cholesterol and is known to decrease the triglyceride levels in the body as well. The levels of the bad LDL cholesterol too are decreased with the consumption of Niacin. Often, Niacin is prescribed along with Crestor, Lescol and Liptor in order to manage the cholesterol levels in the body. Niacin is known to reduce the chances of atherosclerosis, which causes the hardening of the arteries of the person. Many other health problems such as Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, osteoarthritis as well as Type 1 Diabetes risk can also be decreased with the consumption of Niacin.
Dosage and Consumption of Niacin:
Niacin can be consumed in different ways. Food products and other supplements are the best sources of Niacin. The RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) of Niacin is as follows:
Children: 2-16 mg per day
Men: 16 mg per day
Women: 14 mg per day
Pregnant women: 18 mg per day
Breastfeeding women: 17 mg per day
Sources of Niacin:
The following food products are known to be excellent sources of Niacin:
Beef, whole wheat bread, beans, cheese, cereals, chicken, eggs, fishes such as tuna and salmon, lamb meat, leafy vegetables, milk, liver, heart and kidneys, nuts, sunflower seeds and yeast.
On an average, a person should consume more than 35 mg of Niacin every day. However, consuming an excessive amount of Niacin can lead to liver damage and well as raising the blood sugar levels which can be dangerous for people suffering from Diabetes.
Deficiency of Vitamin B3:
Pellagra is the most common disease which is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin B3. Patients suffering from Pellagra often develop glossitis, nausea, seizures, vomiting as well as atexia. Some of the poor countries have high risk of people suffering from Pellagra as corn and rice is the staple food of the people there and they contain low amounts of Niacin.